Testing the Validity of the Ontario Deprivation Index
Richard Matern, Michael Mendelson and Michael Oliphant,
Using an empirical methodology based on a series of surveys and focus groups, Daily Bread Food Bank and the Caledon Institute of Social Policy have developed a deprivation index for Ontario. A ‘deprivation index’ is a list of items which are widely seen as necessary for a household to have a standard of living above the poverty level. Almost all households not in poverty will have all these items, but households in poverty are likely to find some of them unaffordable. By asking whether a household can afford all the items on the list, we can identify those that are poor. The index should therefore contain those items that distinguish the poor from the non-poor in the prevailing social and economic conditions.
This paper is a preliminary test of the validity of the Ontario Deprivation Index using the results of a Statistics Canada survey of 10,000 Ontario households. We look at the performance of the index against 6 variables: income, education, employment status, immigration, family type and housing tenure. A similar method for testing the validity of the new Irish deprivation index was also used, although in this paper we are presenting only the most basic tests. Based on this early analysis, the Ontario Deprivation Index fully meets the tests of validity in relation to these variables.
ISBN - 1-55382-420-2
View full document in PDF format.
Copies of our publications are also available, upon request, in Microsoft Word format. Please contact the Caledon Institute for information.
HAVE YOU SEEN
-Farewell, Wizard of Oz
-Ottawa Must Get Serious about Poverty Reduction
-Ensuring Real Accountability on First Nation Reserves
-Welfare in Canada, 2014
-The Canada Social Report... So Far
-Training Programs Need a Hard Look
-Minimum Wage Rates in Canada: 1965-2015
-MaRS: The Big-Brain Approach to Prosperity
-Delivery of Social Benefits through the Personal Income Tax
-Guaranteed Income or Guaranteed Incomes?
-Options for a Refundable Disability Tax Credit for ‘working age’ persons
-Economic Policy Needs a Broader Conversation
-We Are All Disabled
-Child Benefits in Canada: Politics Versus Policy
-Poverty and Poetry
-Tax credits: great politics, bad policy
-Disability Supports: Missing on the Policy Radar
-The 2015 Deficit-of-Ideas Budget
-Is Canada (Still) a Fiscal Union?: Michael Mendelson
-Architecture of Federal Income Security in Canada: Ken Battle
-Social Policy Challenges for Canada: Sherri Torjman
-In Canada, the new solitudes are East vs. West
-Picture - Sherri Torjman
-Canada’s English-French divide giving way to East-West economic split, scholar says
-Video - Data Rescue
-Video - Sherri Torjman: Five Good Ideas about Policy
-Video - Sherri Torjman: Canada@150 address
-Video - Sherri Torjman: Shared Space & Community Recreation
The 2015 Deficit-of-Ideas Budget
Ken Battle, Sherri Torjman and Michael Mendelson, April 27, 2015
For the first time in years, the federal Budget does not have a