Testing the Validity of the Ontario Deprivation Index
Richard Matern, Michael Mendelson and Michael Oliphant,
Using an empirical methodology based on a series of surveys and focus groups, Daily Bread Food Bank and the Caledon Institute of Social Policy have developed a deprivation index for Ontario. A ‘deprivation index’ is a list of items which are widely seen as necessary for a household to have a standard of living above the poverty level. Almost all households not in poverty will have all these items, but households in poverty are likely to find some of them unaffordable. By asking whether a household can afford all the items on the list, we can identify those that are poor. The index should therefore contain those items that distinguish the poor from the non-poor in the prevailing social and economic conditions.
This paper is a preliminary test of the validity of the Ontario Deprivation Index using the results of a Statistics Canada survey of 10,000 Ontario households. We look at the performance of the index against 6 variables: income, education, employment status, immigration, family type and housing tenure. A similar method for testing the validity of the new Irish deprivation index was also used, although in this paper we are presenting only the most basic tests. Based on this early analysis, the Ontario Deprivation Index fully meets the tests of validity in relation to these variables.
ISBN - 1-55382-420-2
View full document in PDF format.
Copies of our publications are also available, upon request, in Microsoft Word format. Please contact the Caledon Institute for information.
HAVE YOU SEEN
-‘Basic Income’ or ‘Bait and Switch’?
-Disability Supports and Employment Policy
-Strengthening Canada’s Public Employment Service Post-Devolution
-Minimum Wage, Maximum Wager in Alberta
-Using low income and material deprivation to monitor poverty reduction
-Some thoughts on a National Housing Strategy
-Innovation: counting what counts
-Canada Pension Plan: The New Deal
-Risks and rewards of the sharing economy
-Long-Term Commitment for Long-Term Care
-The Labour Market Agreements: What Did They Really Do?
-When is a dollar more than a dollar?
-The Canada Child Benefit Needs to be Fully Indexed to Inflation
-Welfare in Canada, 2014
-May 19, 2016: Michael Mendelson Addresses the Standing Senate Committee on Social Affairs, Science and Technology on changes to the Employment Insurance program in the 2016 federal Budget
-Video - Data Rescue
-Video - Sherri Torjman: Five Good Ideas about Policy
-Video - Sherri Torjman: Canada@150 address
-Video - Sherri Torjman: Shared Space & Community Recreation
Video - Sherri Torjman: Canada@150 address
Sherri Torjman at the Canada@150 event, Montreal, 2010