Testing the Validity of the Ontario Deprivation Index
Richard Matern, Michael Mendelson and Michael Oliphant,
Using an empirical methodology based on a series of surveys and focus groups, Daily Bread Food Bank and the Caledon Institute of Social Policy have developed a deprivation index for Ontario. A ‘deprivation index’ is a list of items which are widely seen as necessary for a household to have a standard of living above the poverty level. Almost all households not in poverty will have all these items, but households in poverty are likely to find some of them unaffordable. By asking whether a household can afford all the items on the list, we can identify those that are poor. The index should therefore contain those items that distinguish the poor from the non-poor in the prevailing social and economic conditions.
This paper is a preliminary test of the validity of the Ontario Deprivation Index using the results of a Statistics Canada survey of 10,000 Ontario households. We look at the performance of the index against 6 variables: income, education, employment status, immigration, family type and housing tenure. A similar method for testing the validity of the new Irish deprivation index was also used, although in this paper we are presenting only the most basic tests. Based on this early analysis, the Ontario Deprivation Index fully meets the tests of validity in relation to these variables.
ISBN - 1-55382-420-2
View full document in PDF format.
Copies of our publications are also available, upon request, in Microsoft Word format. Please contact the Caledon Institute for information.
HAVE YOU SEEN
-What You Need to Know About the Canada Job Fund
-Welfare in Canada 2013
-Family Tax Cuts: How Inclusive a Family?
-If you don’t pay, you can’t play: the Children’s Fitness Tax Credit
-The Elephant Not in the Room
-The Six Billion Dollar Man
-Policies that Build Community
-Canada’s Invisible and Invaluable Labour Force
-A Second Look at the First Nations Control of First Nations Education Act
-Policies that Build (caring) Community
-Labour Market Development Agreements (LMDAs) and the Federal Role in Labour Programs
-Social Impact of the Nonprofit Sector: The Power of One
-Book Review: Poverty in Canada
-Here's a thought: The Canada Skills Grant
-Welfare in Canada 2012
-Disability in December
-Laurie Needs Affordable Housing
-Poverty and Prosperity in Nunavut
-Strengthening the Canada Pension Plan: Take it to the public
-Time for Talk, Not Action
-Time to negotiate: Hammering out a “First Nations Education Act”
-Welfare Re-form: The Future of Social Policy
-Is Canada (Still) a Fiscal Union?: Michael Mendelson
-Architecture of Federal Income Security in Canada: Ken Battle
-Social Policy Challenges for Canada: Sherri Torjman
-In Canada, the new solitudes are East vs. West
-Picture - Sherri Torjman
-Canada’s English-French divide giving way to East-West economic split, scholar says
-Video - Data Rescue
-Video - Sherri Torjman: Five Good Ideas about Policy
-Video - Sherri Torjman: Canada@150 address
-Video - Sherri Torjman: Shared Space & Community Recreation
Strengthening the Canada Pension Plan: Take it to the public
Ken Battle, Sherri Torjman and Michael Mendelson, November 19, 2013
The Canada Pension Plan (and its twin Quebec Pension Plan) is one of our most important social programs and is an exemplary model in the world as a fair, solid and secure retirement income plan.