Using low income and material deprivation to monitor poverty reduction
Geranda Notten and Michael Mendelson, July 2016
Poverty measures commonly used in Canada set a dollar amount – a poverty line – below which a household is said to be in poverty. In Europe, 'material deprivation' is used to complement the dollar yardstick as another way of measuring poverty.  A material deprivation indicator focuses on the outcomes of not having enough financial resources – namely, being unable to afford typical necessities.  This paper explains why Ottawa should develop a material deprivation index as a complementary indicator with which to monitor progress on poverty reduction.

ISBN - 1-55382-675-2

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Welfare in Canada 2015

Anne Tweddle, Ken Battle and Sherri Torjman, November 22, 2016

This report focuses on the incomes of four different households living on social assistance, commonly known as “welfare.”  It is a continuation of the welfare incomes series published regularly by

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